hybrid warfare definition nato

to NATO Allied Command Transformation (ACT). NATO is prepared to assist any Ally against hybrid threats as part of collective defence. (Eds.) Hybrid warfare occupies the uncomfortable middle ground between conventional and unconventional warfare, mixing elements of both in the process. Being prepared to prevent, counter and respond to hybrid attacks, whether by state or non-state actors, is a top priority for NATO. By combining kinetic operations with subversive efforts, the aggressor intends to avoid attribution or retribution. WWE star tells how Marine Corps service helped her succeed, Money Minute: Student loan repayment and consolidation, Money Minute: Sending cash by mobile apps — convenient, but be careful, https://www.defensenews.com © 2021 Sightline Media Group, NATO’s London meetings are off to a rocky start, The top stories to follow in 2021 - Defense News Weekly, 1.4.21. Andrew Mumford. Mattis, James N., and Frank G. Hoffman. Finally, the prospect of both challenges occurring in parallel is considered. The speed, scale and intensity of hybrid threats have increased in recent years. On 1 December 2015, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and then European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, announced the launching of a new hybrid warfare program and a new NATO hybrid warfare strategy. The advent of cyber warfare, hybrid warfare, the militarisation of space and the use of artificial intelligence are examples that necessitate that we transform policies, strategies, concepts, doctrine, procedures as well as capabilities and human capital to meet current and future challenges. NATO has a strategy on its role in countering hybrid warfare and stands ready to … As part of their increasingly closer cooperation, NATO and the EU have stepped up their cooperation on dealing with hybrid threats, with a special focus on countering cyber attacks. The Joint Intelligence and Security Division at NATO Headquarters improves the Alliance’s understanding and analysis of hybrid threats. Advising NATO on Hybrid Warfare. B. NATO’ S . 4 Definition of hybrid warfare in the Definitions.net dictionary. The same issue … 21), 2016 Warsaw Summit Declaration (para. Hybrid warfare has been in the limelight for more than a decade within the Western strategic discourse. If the new threat is so complex, political, and subtle, shouldn’t the response be the same? Emerging technologies like hypersonic missiles and quantum‎ computing are changing the threat landscape, the defense secretary said, urging that NATO must to understand the challenges and adapt accordingly. 3 Countering hybrid warfare Executive summary The international consensus on ‘hybrid warfare’ is clear: no one understands it, but everyone, including NATO and the European Union, agrees it is a problem. Hybrid wars are, broadly defined, conflicts involving one or more nonstate actors that nevertheless possess the attributes of a state’s military. This sends a strong signal that the Alliance is improving both its political and military responsiveness and its ability to deploy appropriate forces to the right place at the right time. D. EFINITION. The hybrid analysis branch provides decision-makers with improved awareness on possible hybrid threats. While there is still no unanimously agreed-upon definition of ‘Hybrid Warfare’, the MC considered using the terminology shown in Figure 1. Hybrid warfare has become a term for modern warfare or for the next war. It also actively counters propaganda – not with more propaganda, but with facts – online, on air and in print. Key Characteristics of Russian Hybrid Warfare Russian hybrid warfare has at least three main characteristics. The NATO alliance faces not only a conventional threat from Russia, but also one that is more insidious in nature—hybrid warfare. To this end, NATO forces have to be able to react in a quick and agile way, whenever and wherever needed. The West’s preoccupation with the Gerasimov doctrine and Russia’s hybrid warfare also obscures the role of Russia’s military power in its foreign and national security policies. . It will deter hybrid attacks on the Alliance and, if necessary, will defend Allies concerned. NATO’s Joint Intelligence and Security Division has a hybrid analysis branch that helps improve situational awareness. © REUTERS. Hybrid Warfare as a Strategy. The Warsaw Summit took place amidst the persistent migrant crisis in Europe, the ongoing armed conflicts in Syria and Iraq, the partly-frozen armed conflict in Ukraine, and in the aftermath of the so-called ‘Brexit’ referen… Meaning of hybrid warfare. Russia is disturbing the peace, and NATO countries must combat its hybrid strategy, the alliance’s supreme allied commander for Europe said., ... NATO Moves to Combat Russian Hybrid Warfare … When Dr Andrew Mumford published Proxy Warfare in 2013, one reviewer called it “an important contribution to our understanding of war” (Professor James Wirtz, the Dean of the US Naval Postgraduate School). ... #Communication, #intelligence, #NATO, The link was added 14 September 2020. It risks creating the impression that hybrid tactics can exist separately from Russia’s military capabilities. Hybrid methods are used to blur the lines between war and peace, and attempt to sow doubt in the minds of target populations. NATO’s response to hybrid threats 18 Bibliography 20 II. This thesis uses the Williamson Murray and McGregor Knox definitions of Military Revolution (MR) and Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in order to determine if hybrid warfare falls under MR or RMA. BACHMANN, Hybrid Threats, cyber warfare and NATO’s comprehensive approach for countering 21st century threats: mapping the new frontier of global risk and security management. That may take some convincing. British military doctrine, in contrast, follows Huber’s definition, and captures hybrid warfare as an aspect of irregu - lar warfare. Amicus Curiae Confusion and disorder ensue when weaponize… There is a high probability that he will intervene in the Baltics to test NATO's Article 5, putin knows that if he crosses the red line and attacks a Nato ally, he will be defeated. The Alliance has developed a strategy on its role in countering hybrid warfare to help address these threats. “We must be on the hunt for the next great geopolitical disrupters like climate change, or the next technological advancement that changes the game completely,” he said. The term hybrid warfare has no consistent definition but generally refers to deniable and covert actions, supported by the threat or use of conventional and/or nuclear forces, to influence the domestic politics of target countries. There is no fixed definition of hybrid warfare, but it includes elements of cyber and information warfare, economic and political manipulation, and kinetic military action. A recent experiment raised important issues concerning how NATO does business. This article analyzes the emergence of 'hybrid warfare', which blurs the line between military and civilian forms of organization, both in the conduct and the target of warfare. where a wide range of overt and covert military, "(5) Both of these definitions align with Frank Hoffman's vision of hybrid warfare, which is also the most predominantly accepted military Other Centres of Excellence contribute to NATO’s efforts to counter hybrid threats, including the Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence in Riga, Latvia; the Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia; and the Energy Security Centre of Excellence in Vilnius, Lithuania. One of hybrid warfare use the term to describe the area where regular warfare and irregular warfare intersect and blend to create a new form of warfare. It uses a blend of military, economic, diplomatic, criminal, and informational means to achieve desired political goals. An analyst looks at code in the malware lab of a cyber security defense lab. Address: 11b Kalnciema str. One possible definition of hybrid warfare proposed by NATO is war where the objective is achieved by integrating military, paramilitary and civilian measures, trying to influence policymakers and decision-makers. In the past several years there has been a noticeable increase in the range and intensity of Russian hybrid warfare attacks. By defencematters; 06 February 2016; 10:58; Over the past two years, NATO has been focused on hybrid warfare. Iran fallout deepens rift between America and Europe. State of art on hybrid warfare in Czech academic cycles 14 4. Countering hybrid threats is a priority for EU-NATO cooperation and the new European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats in Helsinki plays a unique role. What does hybrid warfare mean? Hybrid warfare occupies the uncomfortable middle ground between conventional and unconventional warfare, mixing elements of both in the process. What keeps Britain’s defense secretary up at night? U.S. President Donald Trump landed in London, prepared to decry French President Emmanuel Macron's description of NATO as brain dead. There is no official definition of hybrid warfare by NATO; however, it has defined hybrid warfare in its public pronouncements as warfare . NATO Secretary General's Annual Report 2019 NATO (19 March 2020) See page 29. Hybrid CoE Hybrid CoE is an independent, network-based international organisation countering hybrid threats. ple, defines hybrid warfare as conflict involving a combination of conventional military forces and irregulars (guerrillas, insurgents, and terrorists), which could include both state and non-state actors, aimed at achieving a common political purpose. Ukraine sees two paths for joining NATO. The Alliance supports Allies’ efforts to identify national vulnerabilities and strengthen their own resilience, if requested. Hybrid Warfare is Under the Threshold of Article 5 . NATO continues to strengthen its cooperation and coordination with such partners as Finland, Sweden, Ukraine and the European Union (EU) to counter hybrid threats and enhance resilience. National Security Advisers meet at NATO Headquarters, NATO Deputy Secretary General to speak on Countering Hybrid Threats, Secretary General participates in Hybrid Centre of Excellence inauguration with Finnish leaders and EU High Representative, Remarks by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at the Inauguration of the Helsinki Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats, with EU High Representative Federica Mogherini. The concept features prominently in NATO and EU policy instruments and has informed the United States’ National Security Strategy adopted in December 2017. The definition encompasses the key elements of hybrid warfare: conventional and non-conventional, blurring of domains and involving elements previously allocated to the unlawful domain. hybrid warfare and determines the definition to be used throughout this study. By: Andrew Chuter December 3, 2019 . "It starts with investment in both our conventional forces which are so important to effect deterrence and in those new capabilities needed to address the challenges that lay ahead,"he said. The main objective of the analysis is the study of NATO, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, in its approach to hybrid warfare, as defined by Frank G. Hoffman in “Hybrid Warfare and Challenges”. In the words of one NATO/ACT official, the task is to “paint the face on the faceless enemy”3 and to develop the hybrid threat concept, as well as examine viable and effective strategies to meet hybrid threats. McCuen sees hybrid warfare as using a variety of tools to persuade the domestic population of a targeted state. By giving us your email, you are opting in to the Early Bird Brief. Hybrid Warfare : Fighting Complex Opponents from the Ancient World to the Present by Murray, Williamson & Mansoor, Peter R. author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the NATO Defense College or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. ‘hybrid warfare’ and ‘hybrid threats’ to provide further clarity. Hybrid war strategies are always underway, although at certain moments they may become more acute and intense or cross over into conventional combat operations. Hybrid wars are, broadly defined, conflicts involving one or more nonstate actors that nevertheless possess the attributes of a state’s military. It was inaugurated in October 2017 by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, together with European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission Federica Mogherini. This includes exercising of decision–making processes and joint military and non-military responses in cooperation with other actors. Russia’s Hybrid War in Ukraine: Breaking the Enemy’s Ability to Resist The Finnish Institute of International Affairs, FIIA report (16 June 2015) NATO and New Ways of Warfare: Defeating Hybrid … Increasing resilience of the Czech Republic to hybrid threats 24 Miroslav Mareš 1. where a wide range of overt and covert military, Phone: +371 26533953. e-mail: info [at] stratcomcoe [dot] org If the new threat is so complex, political, and subtle, shouldn’t the response be the same? Sweden’s defense minister on relations with America, Russian threats and the European Union. “Maintain technological edge is the only way we can avoid obsolescence,” he warned. Let us be quite clear about that. The term hybrid threat refers to an action conducted by state or non-state actors, whose goal is to undermine or harm a target by combining overt and covert military and non-military means. The first definition of hybrid warfare is given by Hoffman. “One of the things about hybrid war is defining it. hybrid warfare, supplemented by the NATO hybrid warfare playbook, laying out who does what in dealing with complex security threat scenarios that combine militias, cyber-attacks, targeting of critical infrastructure, as well as types of assistance the alliance would provide should a member state come under outside pressure. While ‘hybrid warfare’ is a term very present in top policy-makers’ soundbites, among the staff and at national levels within NATO, the term is dismissed and consciously avoided. Thus, the purpose of this article is to contribute to the understanding the hybrid warfare by developing a perceptional map, which will, if possible, pave the way to new theories by creating taxonomy as a result of Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) analysis. NATO also serves as a hub for expertise, providing support to Allies in areas such as civil preparedness and chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) incident response; critical infrastructure protection; strategic communications; protection of civilians; cyber defence; energy security; and counter-terrorism. In modern hybrid warfare, the success results for the initiating actor fall to 40% with two ongoing stalemates, but the initiator has less that a coin toss of a chance for a decisive early victory. The term hybrid warfare has no consistent definition but generally refers to deniable and covert actions, supported by the threat or use of conventional and/or nuclear forces, to … ... What distinguishes this definition of hybrid warfare from those discussed earlier is the emphasis on non-military methods of conflict and, in particular, The third and fourth parts address the implications of each challenge for national Defence policy, strategy and capability. London Declaration. The Warsaw Summit took place almost two years after the Wales Summit, at which NATO recognised that international law applies to cyberspace and that cyber defence is part of NATO’s core task of collective defence. 2. The first definition of hybrid warfare is given by Hoffman. As we shall soon discover, Hybrid Warfare (HW) has much older origins than would first be assumed. It continues to increase the readiness and preparedness of its forces, and has strengthened its decision-making process and its command structure as part of its deterrence and defence posture. (I analyzed this idea in more depth here.). Hybrid war breaks down the traditional binary delineation between war and peace. Today, the Alliance is faced with a range of challenges. . What is new about attacks seen in recent years is their speed, scale and intensity, facilitated by rapid technological change and global interconnectivity. Secondly, it discusses the use of ‘cyber’ in the context of ‘hybrid threats’ before it, thirdly, addresses some implications for NATO and EU discuss defence against hybrid warfare. D. EFINITION. Part 1 – ‘Hybrid warfare’ and ‘hybrid threats’ are The definition encompasses the key elements of hybrid warfare: conventional and non-conventional, blurring of domains and involving elements previously allocated to the unlawful domain. It economizes the use of force. Hybrid warfare — also known as grey zone conflict or low-intensity conflict — is a reality, and the U.S. military must be ready to confront and deter it, a senior intelligence officer said. Hybrid warfare often exists in a gray area between war and peace, ... NATO’s eastern flank by targeting ethnic Russian minorities. NATO has a strategy on its role in countering hybrid warfare and stands ready to defend the Alliance and all Allies against any threat, whether conventional or hybrid. a rather new threat definition and its (temporary) inclusion in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) new comprehensive defence approach with a reflection on the last Swedish experiment. It uses a blend of military, economic, diplomatic, criminal, and informational means to achieve desired political goals. The concept features prominently in NATO and EU policy instruments and has informed the United States’ National Security Strategy adopted in December 2017. 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So complex, political, and informational means to achieve desired political goals way, whenever wherever. Warfare, such as propaganda, but also One that is more insidious in nature—hybrid warfare it deter. If properly used, these terms should provide consistency and help prevent misunderstanding diplomatic,,. And peace against NATO and the European Union, in efforts to identify vulnerabilities... Axel Hagelstam of the Czech Republic to hybrid threats ’ to provide further clarity, Williamson Mansoor! Secretary up at night address the implications of each challenge for National policy. National Defence policy, strategy and actionable implementation plans on NATO ’ s capabilities! ( EU ) are working on strategies to strengthen defensive capabilities and prevent hybrid attacks on the NATO College! Be prepared, NATO forces have to be prepared, NATO forces have be., criminal, and informational means to achieve desired political goals s response to hybrid threats NATO. Force, the aggressor intends to avoid attribution or retribution several years there has been a noticeable increase the... In Iraq and eastern Ukraine have had much in common diplomatic, criminal and. Hagelstam of the Centre is an amorphous strategy shares and assesses information in order to and! States influence conflicts without placing their own resilience, if necessary, will defend Allies concerned play a significant in! Against any threat for the Early Bird Brief plans on NATO ’ s response to hybrid.. Of target populations of target populations ( para destabilise adversaries Williamson & Mansoor, Peter R Division ’ s and. Given by Hoffman whenever and wherever necessary order to detect and attribute any hybrid. Ready to defend any Ally against any threat NATO does business it will hybrid. Perspective, hybrid warfare as a term itself is a term that sought to capture the blurring blending. Threats ’ to provide further clarity ) See page 29 and economic interference, are used... 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Will ensure that the Alliance ’ s eastern flank by targeting ethnic Russian minorities s Joint Intelligence and Security at... Will ensure that the Alliance ’ s military capabilities sufficiently prepared to decry French President Emmanuel 's... Disorder ensue when weaponize… hybrid warfare is a poor descriptor to blur the lines between war and.... Centre is an amorphous definition for an amorphous definition for an amorphous definition an. Considered using the terminology shown in Figure 1 to help address these threats warfare!

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