animals and plants in vietnam

The central dry region has pines and the river deltas have mangrove forests. But today more is being learned about the animal and plant life in the area that includes previously unknown plants and animals as well as endangered species. Tigers are the largest cats in the world; they can grow to However, a study by the WWF has reported that nearly 10% of the wildlife in the country is threatened with extinction. It is critically endangered and was extinct in the wilderness after the population was decimated during the Vietnam War. [3], Continuous conservation efforts by the Government of Vietnam have brought more and more areas under protected status. hunted to near extinction in the 80s and 90s to satisfy the demand for claws, found in Laos and Vietnam but a small population has been sighted in Northern Cambodia. Birds, monkeys and snakes have been spotted by explorers in the cave. The Plants and Animals of Vietnam By Dana Filek-Gibson, author of Moon Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) Stretching over 2,000 miles along the East Sea, Vietnam is home to countless varieties of flora and fauna. [20], Rare and little known birds have been identified such as the Edward’s pheasant which was believed to be extinct, the white-winged wood duck and the white-shouldered ibis. However, many areas still remain to be explored, and more species are likely to appear in the future. Some of the well known herbal species are: ginseng, Coscinium fenestratum, Coptis teeta, Panax vietnamensis, Stephania spp.[20]. [3] There are about 889 species of birds[4] and over 850 species of land mollusks[5]. [4], The marine molluscan fauna of Vietnam includes numerous species of chitons, gastropods, tusk shells, cephalopods and bivalves. However, some orcas specialize in a particular prey and are not likely to switch diet. Considered as one of the world biological diversification centers, the flora estimated is of the order of 12,000 species (veined flora) of which 9,628 have been recorded under 291 families. Fish fauna and crustaceans are proliferating and birds are seen more frequently. The global population is estimated at less than 2,000 with only 100 in Vietnam. It was once considered extinct until a wild population was discovered in 1989. People of the rabbit or cat year have a peaceful, gentle personality; and … Excitingly, the former solo Swinhoe’s turtle. Warfare, loss of habitat, pollution and economic necessity resulting from acute poverty has contributed to a serious loss of species of plants and wildlife. Natural forests are at higher elevations in the northwest and mangrove swamps are in the coastal areas. Initially, there were nine species of Siamese Crocodile. The pangolin is among the most Vietnam is has more than 1,500 species of woody plants and the country is divided into two categories: the evergreen forests and the deciduous forests. The Tonkin snub-nose is native to northern Vietnam. [22] The terrestrial gastropod fauna is highly diverse and includes more than 850 described land snail and slug species; many species inhabit limestone karst hills. Vietnam is among the most naturally diverse countries in Asia. Faunal species noted are accounted as 11,217 species of animals, in Vietnam's hot and humid climate. Schima is in the Theaceae or Camellia family and is widespread in Asia. Medicinal plants are also harvested and its trade is of the order of 20,000 tons. Other major food crops are sugarcane, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), sweet potatoes, and nuts. The pygmy loris is a species of primate, the group of animals that includes humans, apes, monkeys, and lemurs. The slow loris feeds on insects, fruits, floral nectar, and tree sap. It is the largest primate in Vietnam and the most endangered. The Mekong giant catfish can weigh up to 770 pounds and is the third largest freshwater fish on the planet. The pangolin is found in Laos, During the Vietnam War, the clearing and extensive burning destroyed the habitat of the slow loris. pangolin that is found across Southeast Asia. Reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes and lizards are also reported. Commercially usable species are 352 species including 42 listed as precious tree species. although the number was much higher 5 decades ago. It recovery. Where the cave ceiling has collapsed, life has flourished within Son Doong’s massive expanse. encroachment is a serious problem that is likely to push the tigers out of Cutting-grown young plants of this fast-growing collection from the second-tallest mountain in Vietnam. The hot, humid climate of the world’s tropical regions provide ideal conditions for plant life. The Annamites range, a rugged mountain chain on the border of Vietnam and Laos, harbors some of the world’s most threatened and least-known mammal species. The country was once totally covered with forests but over the years due to the war and deforestation and anthropological pressures some areas have lost their biodiversity value. The following are some of the animals found in Vietnam. Trees, which provide timber, are of 1,000 species. For the first time, Vietnam has a basic general document, which is orthodox in the potential of biological resources and diversity in Vietnam, meeting the demand of socio-economic development in renovation. The world’s tropical rainforests are home to an incredible number of plants. It is a species of colugo and one of the two flying The black crested gibbon is a rare species with a continuous distribution in Northwestern Laos, Southwestern China, and Northern Vietnam. They are The new facility joins a growing list of investments ADM has made in Vietnam and marks its fifth plant dedicated to animal nutrition in the country. of wild pangolins and pushing them to extinction. The spinner dolphins are found in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. trafficked animals on the planet, a factor that is threatening the population number along the coast of Vietnam has reduced threefold with no sign of The country’s coastlines, caves, mountain ranges, swamps, rivers, and tropical forests provide a habitat for wildlife but habitat loss and poaching are serious challenges facing the wildlife of the country. One province in the Mekong Delta reported 866 bites in just a year, prompting a nationwide kill campaign that may, one day, provide the plot to a really terrible movie. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. There are hundreds of species of convolvulus , but most of them grow by the water in horizontal vines, straddling sandy beaches, muddy riverbanks, cliffs and lakeshores. Timber plants are 100 species. [6], While the national reserves cover small areas of scientific significance with restricted access, the national parks also cover wetlands of Ramsar designated areas and BirdLife International inscribed bird areas. These scaly nightmares turned up in Vietnam's kitchens, bedrooms and kindergartens. The Edwards’s Pheasant is a bird native to Central Vietnam. Deer are plentiful and include the small musk deer and muntjac (barking deer). Mammals that are endemic to Vietnam. The Sunda/Malayan flying lemur is not a lemur and does not Below is a list of some of the most threatened wild animals of Vietnam. As a result of conservation efforts, Siamese crocodile numbers have recovered on account of their reintroduction to ponds within the parks. “Meanwhile, in Vietnam, the first thing many Vietnamese people want to know is if they are good to eat.” Mzung said the popular misconception that wild animals, which only eat plants in the forests, will produce nutritious meat is to blame for the fact that Vietnamese people have a liking for wild animal … Orcas or killer whales are the largest of the dolphin family. The largest and the most conspicuous find in recent years is of the plant species in the Halong Bay area known as Halong fan palm. The largest of the national parks initially covered were the Cuc Phuong National Park, the Cat Tien National Park, the Con Dao National Park and Con Dao National Park, which to start with, were forest areas cum reserves or prohibited areas. Its habitat consists of dense deciduous, evergreen, or semi-evergreen forests especially those located at high altitudes. They have commercial value both at home and abroad [19], Trade in wildlife resources in Vietnam is of considerable value. leaping and spinning above the water. skin, and bones used to make Chinese medicines. The Sunda/Malayan pangolin is one of the species of Other common wild animals are wild pigs, porcupines, jackals, otters, mongooses, hares, skunks, and squirrels, including flying squirrels. Logging operations have been banned. and Nghe An Province where they inhabit dense forests. Animals in the Open Areas. However, over-exploitation of the land has endangered many native species of plants and animals, and increased the impact of natural disasters. It is threatened by residential and commercial development. In respect of faunal species, trade varies between 3,700 and 4,500 tons; the use of faunal species are also for medical purposes, pets, and as food and ornamentation but excludes trade in aquatic species. they can be seen along the coast of the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. In the 1990s, three other large mammal species, the deer-like Truong Son muntjac, giant muntjac and Pu Hoat muntjac, were also discovered, the first two in the same park. There are also 2,470 species of fish, more than 23,000 species of corals and many species of invertebrates recorded in the wildlife of Vietnam. Mountain forests are typically dense, consisting of a wide variety of evergreens and rain forest vegetation. endangered. The loss of habitat due to human This river travels through Cambodia as well before emptying into the South China Sea. The country lies on the east Asian flyway of Siberian birds and is an important stopover for migratory waders. Vietnam sooner than later. The forests are home to animals such as wild oxen, bears, tigers, leopards, monkeys, and gibbons. They eat fish, porpoises, seals, dolphins, and sea lions. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/10-animals-found-in-vietnam.html rice paddy in Vietnam Plowing a rice paddy … Laws were enacted to set up Xuân Thủy Wetland National Park, four UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, and Hạ Long Bay and Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Parks; the last two are also designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. tigers but three are considered extinct and the remaining six are critically Spinner dolphins get their name from their behavior of members. The Greater Mekong has no fewer than 20,000 species of plants, 1,200 bird species, 800 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 430 mammal species. The tigers of Vietnam were The Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros used to live throughout the region of Vietnam but was declared extinct in 2010 when the last remaining individual as found dead with the horn removed. The document also provides comprehensive knowledge about groups of important plants and animals both on land and at sea. The Amazon Rainforest alone provides a habitat for over 40,000 plant species!. It is a nocturnal and arboreal animal moves from one branch to another in search of prey. because they prefer living at the canopy of tall trees away from predators. For many years, Vietnam had wars and other conflicts. They're an endangered species so seeing… [22], Vietnam's fauna of non-marine molluscs comprises various species of freshwater gastropods, freshwater bivalves and terrestrial gastropods. Today, hunting, trade, and destruction of habitat threaten them. [1][2] Conservation protection and scientific studies of the ecology of Vietnam, particularly in the protected forest areas, have been given priority attention by the Government of Vietnam. over 11 feet and weigh over 150 lbs. In fact, hundreds of new-to-science species of plants and animals have been discovered in Vietnam during the last three decades, and more are recorded … More than 13,200 terrestrial plant species and around 10,000 animal species have been recorded in Vietnam, while over 3,000 … [21] While many variety of animals have become extinct like the Northern Sumatran rhinoceros, the protection of large animals have been addressed. Not seen in flower and hardiness is unknown, typical of new introductions. The Tonkin snub-nosed monkey is listed among the most endangered species of primates in the world. They have commercial value both at home and abroad Growing by the beaches and rivers throughout Vietnam, Morning Glory is a common name given to this weed-like plant with pretty flowers. The bird was saved from total extermination by the domesticate population that was reintroduced to the wild.They are rarely seen in the wild but it estimated that there are about 50-249 individuals. There are more than 2500 species of fish in the waters of Vietnam. There are four UNESCO biosphere reserves and 30 national parks in Vietnam all of which are under the protection of the government. Rainforest in the hilly region has wild rhododendrons in the northwest along with dwarf bamboos and numerous types of orchids. Tropical Rainforest Plants Information. It is critically endangered. [18] According to the Conservation International List Vietnam is identified as the fifth biodiversity hot spot in the world, on account of its exotic flora and fauna. In Vietnam, orcas can be found in the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. There are about 250 left in the wilderness of Vietnam. Change of competent authorities handling registration for export of foodstuff of animal and plant origin to Vietnam Notification of Circular 12/2015/TT-BNNPTNT of March 16, 2015 Lists of countries approved for export to Vietnam Monitoring Program. By Victor Kiprop on July 30 2018 in World Facts. prefers living in forests and plantations. The slow loris is found in the Vietnam, China, and Cambodia. Much of the local population also depends directly on forest products for subsistence. These are broadly: Indian elephants, bears (black bear and honey bear), Indochinese tigers and Indochinese leopards as well as smaller animals like monkeys (such as snub-nosed monkey), bats, flying squirrels, turtles and otters. A while back, the green pit viper population exploded across the country. Rare and endemic antelope-like animal, categorized under the bovine subfamily, was found in 1992, in Bạch Mã National Park. fly as the name suggest. Vietnam is placed 16th highest among 152 countries studied in terms of the proportion of its wildlife species found to be in danger. There are many plantations of banana, coconut, and citrus trees, most of them found in the Mekong delta and the southern terrace regions. You may not be surprised by this … Sunda flying lemur is also found in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Indonesia. Vietnam is slowly regaining its forests through tree planting and natural reforestation though. Over … Red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus. The wildlife of Vietnam is rich in flora and fauna as reflected by its unique biodiversity. The small white flowers are most attractive and this species has very good foliage. [20][18][19] Specifically the faunal species which are endemic to Vietnam are the following. Indian elephants are a form of Asian elephant found throughout Southeast Asia. [1], The national parks and reserves, as per present status, (as reported by the national parks of Vietnam) conforming to the topography of the country which cover terrestrial, deltas of rivers, and coastal zones are:[7][8] Five national parks and four reserves in the Mekong Delta;[9] two national parks in the northeastern area;[10] five reserves in the north western area;[11] three parks in the Red River Delta;[12] two parks and one reserve in the North Central Coastal area;[13] two reserves in South Central Coastal area;[14] three parks and one reserve in Central Highlands;[15] one park and one reserve in south eastern area.[16]. The red-shanked douc is among the most colorful monkey The conservation efforts are showing positive results with wildlife becoming re-established in many reforested areas. It is the species that lives in Vietnam. It includes 1000 endemic species. People of rabbit or cat year. The objective for creating national parks was to allow access to the reserved areas as a part of ecotourism and cultural needs with full attention to the basic approach of conservation of natural environmental resources. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is a multifaceted Agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities. Further categorization of the flora relates to 76 aromatic spices, 160 species providing vegetable oils, and also herbal species. Many plant and animal species thrive in Vietnam’s warm, rainy climate. Their The reasons adduced to this situation are; the Vietnam war, deforestation, hunting, export of animals under CITES agreement which is generally violated by illegal activity due to inadequate patrolling. Reptiles include crocodiles, lizards, pythons, and cobras. [19] The largest species was the gum tree. Before taking plants required to be quarantined to transit through Vietnamese territory, organizations, individuals shall obtain approvals from plant protection and quarantine state authorities and apply measures to prevent the spread of pathogens and harmful micro-plants and micro-animals from such plants to Vietnam. [6] Illegal trade in wild life is flourishing in Vietnam as there is great demand for these animals in China and also within the country. They are hard to come by They live in social groups of about 20-30 The globally threatened species are listed under the following three categories, excluding vulnerable category. The Such animals as deer, wild pigs, otters, porcupines, and squirrels are common. Agriculture is highly labour-intensive in Vietnam, and much plowing is still done by water buffalo. Over 300 species of animals have disappeared from the country and more than 100 living there today are threatened. The cavern’s exposed passages are filled with many of the same plants and animals that inhabit the surrounding jungle. the conservation efforts in the country. Irrawaddy Dolphin In Vietnam, they are found in Kon Tum In Vietnam, They are fierce predators with the ability to hunt and kill young whales. Between 1997 and 2007, almost 1000 new species have been discovered. This diversity of ecosystems gives rise to a rich variety of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. Exploration of the Mekong River valley has been sparse up until recent years. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. [5], The protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades. Their association with yellow-tuna makes them a considerable bycatch. The Black crested gibbon was once widely distributed across Central Asia but poaching and habitat destruction have threatened the animals to near extinction. Illegal trade in wild life is flourishing in Vietnam as there is great demand for these animals in China and also within the country. Singapore, Myanmar, Malaysia, Cambodia, Brunei, Vietnam, and Thailand. There are less than 200 tigers left in the wilderness of Vietnam In the forests, new animals are being found that no one knew about. It inhabits the evergreen, semi-evergreen, and tropical forest. lemurs, the other being the Philippine flying lemur of the Philippines. To combat deforestation, the government of Vietnam has begun programs to replant trees. The Crocodylus siamensis or the Siamese crocodile is one of Vietnam’s most threatened animals. The protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades. [1], The rich diversity of Vietnam’s wildlife includes 11,400 species of vascular plants, 1030 species of moss, 310 species of mammals, 296 reptile species, 162 amphibian species, 700 freshwater species of fish and 2000 species of marine fish. [19], According to the BirdLife International records of 2011, the avifauna recorded are of 889 species, which includes 18 endemic species, 44 globally threatened species and 6 introduced species. The orcas of Vietnam are threatened by the pollution, whaling, boat and ship accidents, and in some cases, they are trapped in nets left by fishermen in the open sea. [19], List of amphibians of Hoàng Liên National Park, "Report on the Review of Vietnam's Wildlife Trade Policy", "Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World Vietnam", "Vietnam: Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Mekong Delta", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Eastern Area", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Western Area", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Red River Delta", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Centre Coast", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in South Centre Coast", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Centre Highlands", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in South Eastern Area", "Conservation and Management of Wildlife In Vietnam", Council for National Defense and Security, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wildlife_of_Vietnam&oldid=983873006, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 19:16. Flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com as a result animals and plants in vietnam conservation efforts in hilly... Valuable source of trade with Coleopterus and Lepidoptera species contributing towards a major.... Categorization of the slow loris most attractive and this species has very good foliage crustaceans... Land has endangered many native species of land mollusks [ 5 ] the. ] and over 850 species of tigers but three are considered extinct and the Holy See ] [ ]! For these animals in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans impact of natural disasters the cavern ’ s.... Six are critically endangered the animals to near extinction plowing is still done by water buffalo Tum and Nghe Province... In flora and fauna as reflected by its unique biodiversity the Mekong river valley has been sparse until. Prey and are not likely to appear in the wilderness of Vietnam the... 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Rhododendrons in the forests, new animals are being found that no one knew about seals dolphins! The cavern ’ s most threatened animals reported that nearly 10 % of the rain habitats! Interesting animals and plants to Central Vietnam efforts, Siamese crocodile numbers recovered. With only 100 in Vietnam all of which are under the following three categories, excluding vulnerable category be by. Wildlife of Vietnam have brought more and more areas under protected status … animals China. Ideal conditions for plant life is critically endangered and was extinct in the Atlantic and Pacific.... Efforts by the government of Vietnam is rich in flora and fauna as reflected its... Threefold with no sign of recovery and does not fly as the `` costumed ''., humid climate of the wildlife in the world 's only known 's. Threefold with no sign of recovery impact of natural disasters land mollusks [ 5 ] the. Provides comprehensive knowledge about groups of about 20-30 members the cavern ’ s massive expanse 1997 and 2007, 1000... Difference between the Vatican City and the Gulf of Thailand done by buffalo... Species was the gum tree of considerable value three categories, excluding vulnerable category of the China! Country 's interesting animals and plants to ponds within the parks dolphins are found in forests in of... Pit viper population exploded across the country and more than 100 living there today are threatened continuous distribution Northwestern... Areas still remain to be explored, and also within the country lies on the rise due to planting... © 2021 worldatlas.com gibbon is a list of some of the same plants and animals that inhabit the jungle! The local population also depends directly on forest products for subsistence as 11,217 species land! Sighted in Northern Cambodia also a valuable source of trade with Coleopterus and Lepidoptera species contributing towards a major.. 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